When studying a new language, such as Python, you must be aware of the language’s advantages and disadvantages. This will assist you in better understanding how to make the most of the Python programming language. We can design sturdy applications by understanding the Python advantages and disadvantages. Let’s begin with Python’s advantages and downsides.
1. Simple to read, understand and write
Python is a high-level programming language with a syntax that is similar to English. This makes the code easier to read and comprehend. Python is really simple to pick up and learn, which is why many people recommend it to newcomers. When compared to other prominent languages like C/C++ and Java, you require fewer lines of code to accomplish the same purpose.
2. Productivity Gains
Python is an extremely useful programming language. Python’s simplicity allows developers to concentrate on the subject at hand. They don’t need to spend a lot of time learning the programming language’s syntax or behavior. You write less code and accomplish more.
3. Language Interpretation
Python is an interpreted language, which means that the code is executed line by line by Python. In the event of an error, it halts the program’s execution and reports the error. Even if the program has several faults, Python only displays one. This facilitates debugging.
4. Typed Dynamically
Until we run the code, Python has no idea what type of variable we’re dealing with. During execution, it assigns the data type automatically. The programmer is not required to declare variables or their data types.
5. Open-Source and Free Software
Python is released under an open-source license that has been authorized by the OSI. As a result, it is both free to use and distribute. You can get the source code, modify it, and even distribute your own Python version. This is useful for companies that want to change a specific behavior and develop their own version.
6. Support from Large Libraries
Python’s standard library is enormous, and it contains practically all of the functions required for your work. As a result, you won’t need to rely on third-party libraries. Even if you do, a Python package manager (pip) makes importing additional wonderful packages from the Python package index much easier (PyPi). There are about 200,000 packages in all.
You must update your code in various languages, such as C/C++, to run the program on different systems. With Python, however, this is not the case. You only have to write it once and it may be used wherever. You should, however, avoid including any system-dependent functionality.
Python is an interpreted and dynamically typed language, as we mentioned earlier. Code execution that is carried out line by line is notoriously slow. Python’s poor pace is due to its dynamic nature, which requires it to perform additional work while executing code. As a result, Python isn’t recommended for projects where speed is critical.
2. Memory is inefficient
Python must make a tradeoff in order to provide developer simplicity. The Python programming language consumes a lot of RAM. When we desire memory optimization in our applications, this can be negative.
3. Mobile Computing Is Weak
Python is a popular language for server-side development. Because of the following factors, we don’t see Python on the client-side or in mobile applications. Python uses a lot of memory and has a slow processing speed when compared to other languages.
4. Access to Databases
Python programming is simple and stress-free. However, when we interact with the database, it falls short. In comparison to popular technologies like JDBC and ODBC, Python’s database access layer is rudimentary and immature. Python is rarely utilized in organizations since they require smooth interaction of complex legacy data.
5. Errors in the Runtime
Because Python is a dynamically typed language, a variable’s data type can change at any time. In the future, a variable containing an integer number may retain a string, resulting in Runtime Errors. As a result, Python programmers must thoroughly test their programs.
Python is a programming language that is easy to learn, versatile, and comprehensive. It’s a fantastic option for everyone from beginners to experts. Although it has some drawbacks, we can see that the benefits outnumber the drawbacks. Python is now one of Google’s core programming languages.