A Framework is a collection of pre-written code that acts as a template or skeleton that a developer can use and reuse to create an application by putting in their code as needed to get the app to perform as intended. Framework reuse allows developers to program their apps without having to manually write every line of code from the beginning. A Java framework is a platform for producing software applications and Java programs that is exclusive to the Java programming language. It could have predefined classes and functions for processing, interacting with, and managing hardware devices.
The Spring Framework is a Java platform application framework and inversion of the control container. Any Java application can use the framework’s core features. However, there are extensions for building web apps on top of the Java EE platform. Although the framework does not prescribe any certain programming model, it has grown popular in the Java community as a complement to the Enterprise JavaBeans approach. The Spring Framework is also available as an open-source project.
Struts is an open-source framework that uses a Model, View, Controller architecture that extends the Java Servlet API. It allows you to construct online applications that are easy to maintain, adaptable, and flexible using common technologies like JSP pages, JavaBeans, resource bundles, and XML.
Hibernate is a Java framework that makes it easier to create database-interactive Java applications. It’s a lightweight, open-source Object Relational Mapping tool. Hibernate implements the standards of Java Persistence API for data persistence.
4. Apache Wicket:
Wicket is a server-side web component-oriented framework written in Java that seeks to make creating web interfaces easier by using concepts from desktop UI development. Wicket allows you to create a web application using only Java code and HTML pages that are XHTML compliant.
5. Java Server Faces:
JSF is a Java-based web application framework designed to make developing web-based user interfaces easier. The Java Community Process codified a definition for Java Server Faces, which is a standardized display technology.
Dropwizard is a Java framework that allows you to quickly create high-performance RESTful web services. To build the lightweight package, it combines several well-known libraries. Jetty, Jersey, Jackson, JUnit, and Guava are the primary libraries it employs. It also makes use of its Metrics library.
When constructing agile web applications, Grails is a Java and Groovy framework. It uses the MVCS design pattern and is great since it helps developers to spend less time customizing the framework and more time focusing on the real application requirements.
ATG is a server-side platform for developing and delivering dynamic, personalized web and other communication channels, such as email and wireless devices. Its apps use a JavaBeans and JSPs-based component development methodology.
Play is a high-productivity Java and Scala online application framework that unifies components and APIs for developing modern web applications. It was created by web developers for the development of web applications.
10. Apache Hadoop:
The Apache Hadoop software library is a framework that uses basic programming principles to enable the distributed processing of massive data volumes across clusters of machines. It’s built to expand from a single server to thousands of devices, each with its computation and storage capabilities.
Many additional Java frameworks aren’t full-stack or web development frameworks, but they’re valuable in all kinds of applications. The optimal foundation for your app should match your company needs, have a particular level of flexibility and performance, and be simple to maintain and adapt to changes.
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