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Top 5 Computer Science Trends

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Computer Science provides a coveted and lucrative career path for those proficient in technology interested in the latest computer development. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that computer and information technology (IT) jobs will grow 11% between 2019 and 2029, which is a faster than average growth rate. Computing trends such as cloud computing, information security, and big data collection and storage add to the promising prospects in this area. IT professionals who understand computing trends remain competitive in search of the best career opportunities. This guide describes recent computing developments and trends in IT, including artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, and robotics.

1.Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) focuses on machine language that mimics the intelligence of humans and animals. AI experts develop algorithms and programming machines to perform human-like tasks. AI is already widespread and helps detect credit card fraud, identify outbreaks of illness, and optimize satellite navigation. The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan’s Annual Technology Forecasting Report predicts some AI concepts that will prevail in 2021. AI computing development is said to include the reliability and security of intelligent autonomous systems, AI for digital manufacturing, reliable and explainable AI and machine learning. Computer and information scientists with potential AI careers have a median annual salary of $ 126,830 as of 2020, and BLS says vocational growth will be much faster than average from 2019 to 2029. I’m predicting. According to PayScale, as of June 2021, machine learning engineers have an average annual salary of $ 112,840 and entry-level professionals have an average annual salary of $ 162,000. Entry-level AI jobs require at least a bachelor’s degree, but a master’s or doctoral degree. Artificial intelligence leads to the best work opportunities.

2.Edge Computing

In contrast to cloud computing, where data is processed and stored far away from the end user in large data centers, edge computing puts computer data at “the edge,” close to the end user. Experts do not expect the cloud to disappear completely, but rather work in tandem with edge computing as it brings processing to users, streamlining anything from factory production to self driving car response. Technology like autonomous cars, video conferencing, and augmented reality all benefit from edge computing. For example, when an autonomous car makes a split second decision to brake and avoid a collision, an onboard computer system — edge computing — eliminates the delay of waiting for a server in the cloud to respond. The BLS projects a 22% job growth rate from 2019 to 2029 for software developers, including edge computing software developers, and reports a median annual salary of $110,140 as of 2020. Industries like telecommunications, security, and oil and gas employ workers with edge computing expertise. Entry level positions such as software developer or computer network architect usually require a bachelor`s. Managerial, administrative, and research positions often require at least a master’s degree.

3.Quantum Computing

Quantum computing uses powerful computers to solve problems at the atomic and subatomic levels. Unlike traditional computers that perform calculations and store data in binary code, quantum computers use qubits (also known as qubits). This allows quantum computers to process numbers much faster than before and solve problems. While big tech companies like Google and IBM are moving towards quantum computing, this area is still in its infancy. Other areas that can benefit from quantum computing are banking, transportation, and agriculture. Researchers can use quantum computing to find the best delivery route for trucks, determine the most efficient flight schedules for airports, and develop new drugs quickly and cheaply. Scientists see promising opportunities for quantum computing to develop sustainable technologies and solve environmental problems. A career in quantum computing usually requires a master’s or doctoral degree. ZipRecruiter reports salaries for quantum computing professionals up to $ 160,000, with a median annual salary of $ 96,900 as of May 2021. As a new computer science discipline, many future quantum computing carriers may not yet exist.

4.Robotics

In the field of robotics, we are researching and developing robots with the aim of making life easier. As an interdisciplinary discipline, robotics includes not only computer science, but also electrical and mechanical engineering. Robotics uses artificial intelligence, machine learning, and other computer science technologies. The robot aims to increase safety and efficiency in industries such as manufacturing, agriculture and food cooking. Humans use robot technology to build cars, perform dangerous tasks such as disassembling bombs, and perform complex operations. students must have at least a bachelor’s degree to work in robotics. Many employers prefer robotics professionals with a master’s or doctoral degree. For managers or advanced researchers. Mechanical engineers, including robotics engineers, reported a median annual income of $ 90,160 as of 2020, according to a BLS report. Robotics researchers, classified by BLS as a type of computer and information researcher, had a median annual income of $ 126,830 as of 2020. This area is expected to grow much faster than average from 2019 to 2029.

5.Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity focuses on protecting computer systems and networks from cyber threats and attacks. As businesses store information in the cloud and continue to operate online, there is a growing need to enhance cybersecurity. Individuals, businesses and governments are suffering significant financial losses from cyberattacks. For example, the May 2021 ransomware attack in the eastern United States cost the Colonial Pipeline about $ 5 million and soared consumer gas prices. Most industries, such as healthcare, financial institutions, and insurance, need better cybersecurity technology to protect their data and customer data. Driven by this demand, BLS forecasts 31% employment growth for information security analysts from 2019 to 2029. Information security analysts had a median annual salary of $ 103,590 as of 2020. Cyber ​​Security Specialists work in consulting, computer, corporate and financial institutions. Major employers include Apple, Lockheed Martin and Capital One. The best cybersecurity jobs require at least a bachelor’s degree, but some employers prefer a master’s degree.

In addition to the computer science trends mentioned above, IT professionals should also pay attention to other computer developments. New IT trends include big data analytics, virtual and augmented reality, 5G, and the Internet of Things. Computer scientists can learn about current events and new technologies in computer science by joining a professional organization. These groups offer online discussion groups, conferences and trade magazines. Keeping track of computing trends helps computer professionals stay competitive in job interviews and promotions.

 

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